Slimming products, food supplements – information to know.
Most adults in the US have taken one or more slimming products or a food supplement at least once in their life.
Today’s weight loss products as well as supplements include vitamins, minerals, herbal and plant products, amino acids, enzymes, and many other products. This type of products are available in a variety of forms: traditional tablets, capsules, powders, as well as drinks and energy bars. Popular food supplements include vitamins D and E; minerals such as calcium and iron; natural herbs and many more.
The slimming products label.
Each slimming product and supplement to be sold in the US and worldwide must have a label with the nutritional information and ingredients that compose it.
The manufacturer suggests the correct dose and it is very important not to take a higher dose than indicated on the label, otherwise there is a risk of serious side effects for your health.
Effectiveness of supplements and slimming products.
Both for supplements and for slimming products, the effectiveness depends on the ingredients that compose it. It is important to note, however, that supplements can not take the place of a healthy and varied diet.
Scientific evidence shows that some food supplements can bring benefits for general health and for managing certain health conditions. For example, supplements that contain calcium and vitamin D are important for maintaining strong bones and reducing bone loss; folic acid reduces the risk of some birth defects; and the omega-3 could help some people with some heart disease. Other supplements need more studies to determine their value. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not determine whether food supplements and weight loss products are effective before being marketed.
Safety and risk associated with taking a supplement or a weight loss product.
Many supplements contain ingredients that can have harmful effects in the body.
Taking a supplement can lead to unexpected side effects, especially when you take a product with a dubious origin.
Food supplements can also interact with some medicines, especially those that require a prescription. Here are just a few examples:
St. John’s wort can interfere with some medications (including antidepressants and contraceptive pills) and therefore reduce the effectiveness of these drugs.
Antioxidant supplements, such as vitamins C and E, can reduce the effectiveness of certain types of chemotherapy.
For weight loss products, the situation is similar to that found in supplements, for example:
Garcinia Cambogia products interfere with cholesterol-lowering drugs and also interfere with proper thyroid function.
Phentermine, a well-known slimming product sold in the United States on medical prescription, interferes with various types of drugs as well as being the bearer of various secondary effects.
Slimming products or supplements with an excessive amount of iron cause nausea and vomiting and can damage the liver and other organs.
We recommend that you pay attention when taking a weight loss product or a supplement if you are a breastfeeding or pregnant woman. In fact, many of these products are not tested on this type of people.
Quality of slimming products and supplements
Food supplements and slimming products are complex products.
FDA has set quality standards for this type of products to help ensure their identity, purity, composition and effectiveness. These standards are designed to prevent several factors, including: the inclusion in the product of a wrong ingredient, the incorrect dosage of ingredients in the product, the possibility of external contamination, improper packaging and labeling of a product. The FDA periodically inspects the structures that produce food supplements. It is very important to understand that although food supplements and some weight loss products do not require approval from the FDA to be sold, the laboratory that produces them must absolutely have the approval of FDA, otherwise the product will be withdrawn from the market.
In addition, several independent organizations offer quality tests to ensure the quality and excellence of a product. Among the most famous organizations in the United States we find:
- United States Pharmacopeia
- NSF International
The FDA and slimming products / food supplements
Food supplements are products designed to supplement the diet, while weight loss ones make you lose weight.
They are not drugs and, consequently, they are not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent or cure diseases. The FDA is the federal agency that oversees both food supplements and certain types of slimming products and medications.
In general, FDA rules for food supplements are different from those for prescription drugs. Unlike drugs, which must be approved by the FDA before they can be marketed, food supplements and some slimming products do not need FDA approval to be placed on the market. The FDA, however, as mentioned above regularly controls the laboratories where these slimming products are produced and also controls the labels of the same.
Labels may carry certain types of indications but to be approved by the FDA must be truthful and supported by real evidence. Manufacturers are allowed to say, for example, that a food supplement faces nutrient deficiency, supports health, or is linked to a particular body function. This statement must however be followed by the words: “This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. ”
Manufacturers must follow some good production practices to ensure the identity, purity, strength, and composition of their products. If the FDA deems it to be a dangerous product or otherwise unsuitable for human consumption, it may take coercive measures to remove the product from the market.